はほぼ日本ローカルで、他の国々ではいきなり「First Sentence Pattern」などと言ってもまず通用しません。（sentence patternsを扱っている教材の場合でも、教材毎に番号の割り振りや使用する記号に統一性はなく、結構な違いがあります。）文型の合計数も７文型あるいは８文型を用いる場合もあります。いずれにしろ、海外の英語学習教材ですと、日本の学校教育のように「文型」という形での既習文法を改めて整理する機会を設けるようなこと自体が少ないようです。
『The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar』では以下のように「文型（pattern）」を解説しています：
A (regular) syntactic configuration or construction in which elements of language (words, phrases, clauses, etc.) combine to form larger units.
At the syntactic level, clause structure can functionally be analysed in terms of a comparatively small set of patterns that are determined by the type of verb involved in the containing clause, as follows: subject-verb (SV
; with an intransitive verb), subject-verb-object (SVO
; with a transitive verb), subject-verb-complement (SVC
; with a linking verb), subject-verb-object-object (SVOO
; with a ditransitive verb), and subject-verb-object-complement (SVOC
; with a complex transitive verb).
Cambridgeの『Grammar in Use
』には、独立して「文型」という形で纏めている章はありません。ＳＶＯＯ、ＳＶＯＣに相当する構文は「Verb complementation: what follows verbs（動詞の補完：何が動詞に続くのか）」という章で扱われています。
UNIT 28 Verbs, objects and complements
Some verbs are usually followed by an object+prepositional complement: .... She put the report on the floor. (not
She put the report.)
Some verbs are often followed by an object+adjective (or adjective phrase) complement: The people of this country will hold the government responsible.
UNIT 28 Verb+two objects
Some verbs can be followed by two objects. Usually the first object (=the indirect object (IO
)) is a person or group of people and the second object (=the direct object (DO
)) is a thing: Can you bring me
) some milk
) from the shops? He made himself
) a cup of coffee
Many verbs that can have two objects may also be used with a DO
only (e.g. I read a story). With many verbs that can have two objects, it is possible to reverse the order of the objects if we put for or to before the IO
(this is then called a prepositional object). Compare: I built my daughter a doll's house. and I built a doll's house for my daughter. Can you pass me that bandage? and Can you pass that bandage to me?
(Advanced Grammar in Use, pp. 56-59)
Oxfordの『Practical English Usage
606 verb complementation: what can follow a verb?
1 different verbs, different structures
Different verbs can be followed by different kinds of word and structure
. This is partly a matter of meaning: after a verb like eat
, for instance, it is normal to expect a noun; after try
, it is natural to expect a verb. It is also partly a matter of grammatical rules that have nothing to do with meaning. Before an object, wait
is followed by for
has no preposition. One can tell somebody something
, but one cannot explain somebody something
. One hopes to see somebody
, but one looks forward to seeing somebody
. One advises somebody to see the doctor
, but one does not suggest somebody to see the doctor
. Unfortunately there are no simple rules
for this kind of problem; it is necessary to learn, for each verb, what kind of structures can follow it
. A good dictionary will normally give this information.
607 verb + object + complement
1 adjective and noun complements
Some transitive verbs can be followed by an object together with an object complement (an expression that gives more information about the object). This is often an adjective or noun phrase.
- You make me nervous.
- She's driving us crazy.
- I find her attitude strange.
- Let's cut it short.
- Don't call me a liar.
610 verbs with two objects
1 indirect and direct objects: I gave John the keys
Many verbs can have two objects--usually a person and a thing. This often happens with verbs that are used to talk about transferring or communicating things from one person to another, or doing things for somebody. A few other verbs are also used in this way. Common examples: bet get make play....
2 indirect object last: / gave the keys to John
We can also put the indirect object after the direct object. In this case it normally has a preposition (usually to
- I gave the keys to John.
- I handed my licence to the policeman.
- Mrs Norman sent some flowers to the nurse.
- Mother bought the ice-cream for you, not for me.